How to Start a Poultry Hatchery

The chicken hatchery is a highly profitable type of poultry business and also the fastest-growing sector for the young generation. Although it is very challenging yet, you will be a successful businessman by maintaining proper management. You can choose a popular breed and multiple roosters for your hatchery business, such as broiler, free-range, layer, or all combinations.

This business also returns your investment speedily which furthermore does not require any special knowledge. Nowadays, an excellent commercial hatchery quickly makes a place for them in the poultry industry. Keep reading this article to gain a rewarding experience.

How to Start a Poultry Hatchery

What is Needed to Start a Hatchery

Before starting the business, research a lot to understand the management system and market value. Check the market opportunity, meat production, growth rate of poultry hatchery, egg production system, and study your competitors. Make a proper business strategy, arrange all the technical and crafted equipment, and attend training courses about the breeds and flocks. Consult with other poultry farmers to gather skills and know about products. Farmers love to help inexperienced poultry entrepreneurs. Other things you will need are,

A Comprehensive Hatchery Plan

A proper business plan reduces failure chances, so make a detailed overview of your chicken egg incubator and objective and share it with your partner.

A Comprehensive Hatchery Plan

Include the market demand, operational strategy, customer care plan, sustainability, outlook, risk, etc. Gather all the information about this business, watch online videos and consult with an experienced one. Follow all the rules and regulations, send the application about your quality poultry, and get the license.

Make sure your hatchery is better than other competitors. Manage some high-quality sources to supply your eggs. Start with the most preferred chick species, chicken feeds, better coops and chicken coop boots and make agreements with other suppliers to get quality chicks.


It’s crucial to gain specific skills about poultry hatchery, so attend training classes and keep researching. Participate in hatchery programs and visit other poultry hatcheries and their websites. Getting hands-on experience before start hatchery will make your work easy. You will also find various online books about poultry hatchery, so collect them and study.

A Correct Location

Choose the right location that is near to your prospective client and has enough power and water supply. The transportation system should deliver live chicks directly to the customer as lost shipment leads to business failure. The hatchery area must be large enough to set up all equipment.

The incubator should be at least 150 meters away from the poultry houses to prevent diseases. In addition, select a place that does not face any vibration from heavy types of machinery or vehicles.

Equipment and MachineryEquipment and Machinery

You will need some machinery and equipment to establish a hatchery. The most basic types of equipment are,

  • Automatic egg hatcher
  • Egg tester
  • Egg setter
  • Feeder
  • Brooder
  • Air conditioner
  • Generator
  • Chicken coop door
  • Egg Incubator
  • Refrigerator
  • Weighing balance
  • Trays
  • Buskets, etc.

You will need at least 2000 square ft of land to establish all this equipment. Moreover, the equipment can be found in the market indisputably.

Hatchery Management and Requirement

The breeding place should have maintained some primary functions including,

  • Temperature: If you have a commercial type hatchery, the temp will be 99o F. smaller type hatchery commonly employ 100o F. it is easy to regulate the hatchery temp; install the temperature sensor alarm to develop the embryos.
  • Humidity in the incubator: The moisture in the incubator should always be 57 to 60 percent. You can determine it by the dry bulb and wet bulb reading. When the humidity is 60%, the dry bulb reading will be 100o F, and the wet bulb reading will be 87.3o F. The temperature should not be below 99 degrees, and the land should also be prone to high humidity.
  • Ventilation: Fresh oxygenated air is essential for embryo development, so the ventilation system must be perfect for the entire incubation process.
  • Sanitation: Poor sanitary practices causes poor hatchability and early death loss. Use water, elbow grease, and detergent to clean and disinfect the incubator.

Staff Recruitment

Hatchery business needs many hands to handle various operations such as hatchery manager, supervisor, administrative officer, clerks, accountant, security guards, attendants, etc. Include their salaries in the hatchery business plan.

Procure Hatchable Eggs

Procuring fertile eggs is another essential step, so buy eggs from a parent stock farm or establish them. When you are buying eggs, check the quality and regular supply options. Furthermore, it will save you from the hatching cost and transfer of diseases.

How Much Does it Cost to Start a Hatchery?

The starting cost of a hatchery business depends on the size and facilities of the breeding place. The lowest cost option is starting with the own hen hatched eggs the grow your hatchery slowly.

A starter incubator price is $150 to $250; hatching eggs are $1 each, various healthy birds are $5 to $50, hens are $50, automatic egg incubators are $1000 for 500 eggs, etc. You will need at least $800 to start a small incubator.

Where to Sell Newly Hatched Day-Old Chicks

Check the facilities around you and sell the day-old chicks to the growers or other customers, rearing the birds until they can be slaughtered or sold.

However, if you have enough facilities, you can raise your firm’s birds and then sell them to other customers. To find out the growers, search on the internet and choose one to sell your baby chicks.

Hatchery Business Profit

You will get your profit after 3 weeks of starting your business. Also, the money depends on the hatchery size. People have obtained at least 14% profit from their hatchery for the past ten years, which is now 28%, as eggs and poultry meat are an essential part of our daily food.

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